The Last Letter: A Reflection on a Soldier’s Letter from WWI

Soldier WWIToday I haven’t been feeling well, so I’ve had the heating pad, pencil and notebook, and research in bed with me today. My Master’s Thesis deals in part with Mitchell Reid’s book, “The Vacant Chair,” and how hand-written letters become a replacement for that vacant chair within the domestic sphere. One of my readings today was a small booklet, not more than 90 pages, of fragments of letters that a young nineteen year old French lad, who had been studying in school to become a missionary, wrote home. {The book was published in 1917 and reprinted in English in 1918. The title is “For France and the Faith.”}

Alfred Evgene Casalis merged his role as a man of faith and as a volunteer soldier, his ideals ardently expressed in his letters home. He believed it to be his duty for country and for his fellow man to stand along side of those who fought at the front, even though he was a pacifist, not only to defend his country but to minister to his fellow comrades.

He took part in the First Battle of Ypres in May 1915, and it is his last letter which touched me:

May 8th

Since Thursday evening I have been back in the trenches, knowing that the big attack is near at hand. And since that time my life has been one tense and anxious watching for the coming hour. But I am at peace, I fear nothing. I shall be able to do my duty with the aid of God.

The bombardment is becoming more and more violent. Today, particularly, the artillery is firing without a stop and one can hear only the noise of the shells. They whistle through the air, on a level with the trench, like a great heart-rending sob. Then they explode over yonder with a dry crash, and everything flies – earth, wood, and iron. Finally come the shell splinters, reaching up to where we are and falling on all sides. And to think that it is scarcely the fiftieth part of the artillery surrounding us which is firing! What will it be like when all belch forth at once? Therefore I am hopeful. The attack can not fail to succeed. There will be some wounded, some killed, but we shall go forward and far—–

This letter was incomplete. A footnote made at the very end noted “The letter was unfinished and was found in the pocket of the capote when he was buried.” 

Sent back to his mother and father, the last letter found its way home as a material reminder of its author in the visual image of the vacant chair at the dinner table. Alfred’s life was cut short, his last hours filled with the sounds of guns and death. Within the exploration of my thesis, I discuss how families during the early twentieth century coped with the lost of a loved one during WWI, especially if they could not even perform the ritual of normal grieving and burial. How important were those letters to the family?  In the case of Alfred, the Major of his company, wrote his parents that his body was not recovered, it was learned later that he was placed “in a common grave dug on the battlefield near the place where he fell.” It is not a wonder then, that his family published this small booklet of certain parts of Alfred’s letters. These were the last material memories they had of him, a symbolic representation of their son, which they wished to share with the rest of the world. This is how they finalized the grieving for the son who would not come home to fill his vacant chair.


2 thoughts on “The Last Letter: A Reflection on a Soldier’s Letter from WWI”

  1. I’ve been intrigued by WWI and reading a couple of books lately… I teach middle school and came across a book – Port Chicago 50 by Steven Sheinkin,… which led me to a graphic novel by Max Brooks about the Harlem Hellfighters.. and another about to be published Tuesday written by Walter Dean Myers about the same subject…. and three poems ‘Trees,’ ‘I have a rendezvous with death,’ and ‘In Flanders Fields’ all written by poets who served and were killed in WWI. I wonder did our soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan memorialize their thoughts – I am certain they did, but more likely in a digital sense. interesting post – I hope you feel better.


    1. Hi Clay! I know of “In Flanders Fields,” it was very famous. If you would like to read more about WWI, I would also suggest Paul Fussell’s “The Great War and Modern Memory” and another book titled “The Beauty and the Sorrow.” Such an important age, the last of innocence as some have said. Thanks for your comments. Soon I will be working on some historical fiction books for Middle Grade about the First World War and Interwar period using my own collections of War letters. I should send you one for your review. 🙂 Constance PS. It was a very bad tooth ache.


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